Gut microbes are an important factor in maintaining your health. Scientist are learning more and more just how important our gut microbes are and their relationship to a number if diseases, especially auto-immune diseases. Arthritis for example is believed to be linked to a few specific gut microbes. The fact that I have been able to stop taking anti-inflammatory medication for my arthritis after balancing my omega-6/3 ratio may have as much to do with changing my gut microbes as it does with reducing the inflammatory hormones created by omega-6.
Gut microbes also control our metabolism and are responsible for making brain chemicals like serotonin. The old saying we are what we eat has never been more true and what we eat controls the microbes in our gut!
This article and webpage explain how:
Caesar et al. Crosstalk between Gut Microbiota and Dietary Lipids Aggravates WAT Inflammation through TLR Signaling. Cell Metabolism, 2015 DOI: 10.1016/j.cmet.2015.07.026